Čtení s porozuměním – Střední škola

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Vybrána třída: 1. SŠ (úzký výběr)

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Pro tuto třídu zatím bohužel nemáme připravená zadání. Zkuste vybrat jiné třídy, zvolit „široký výběr“ nebo se stavte později, zadání průběžně rozšiřujeme.




A submarine (or sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater. Although experimental submarines had been built before, submarine design took off during the 19th century, and they were adopted by several navies. Submarines were first widely used during World War I (1914–1918), and are now used in many navies large and small. Military uses include attacking enemy surface ships (merchant and military), or other submarines, aircraft carrier protection, blockade running, ballistic missile submarines as part of a nuclear strike force, reconnaissance, conventional land attack (for example using a cruise missile), and covert insertion of special forces. Civilian uses for submarines include marine science, salvage, exploration and facility inspection and maintenance. Submarines can also be modified to perform more specialized functions such as search-and-rescue missions or undersea cable repair. Submarines are also used in tourism and undersea archaeology.

Submarines have one of the widest ranges of types and capabilities of any vessel. They range from small autonomous examples and one- or two-person subs that operate for a few hours to vessels that can remain submerged for six months—such as the Russian Typhoon class, the biggest submarines ever built.

Famous Paintings

The Great Wave

The Great Wave off Kanagawa is probably the most famous Japanese work of art. Created by Hokusai, it is not a painting, but a woodblock print. That means that more people are involved in creating the work. First, the artist (in this case Hokusai) creates a design, then a carver creates a number of wooden blocks (one for each colour), destroying the design while doing that, and finally, printers print the design on a paper. This way, there can be as many as five thousand copies of the work. That’s why The Great Wave can be seen in New York, London, Japan, or Brussels.

Compared to the huge wave, representing the power and greatness of nature, the people in the picture are barely noticeable. Each boat has, in fact, ten people on it. Seeing how small they are helps us imagine the size of the wave.

In the background of the print is Mount Fuji, an active volcano which is a Japanese national symbol and an inspiration for many artworks.


The Milkmaid

Patty the Milkmaid was going to the market, carrying her milk in a bucket on her head. As she was walking down the street, she began thinking about the money she would earn and what she could buy with it.

Patty decided that she would sell the milk and use the money to buy a chicken. The chicken would start laying eggs which she would collect. Once she gets enough eggs, she is going to sell them to the doctor's wife and use the money she gets to buy a new dress and a cap. She could already see herself walking down the street, tossing her head at all the girl envying her new clothes. And at that moment, lost in the fantasy, she tossed her head and threw down her bucket which broke and spilt all the milk on the ground.


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